HITZIG, JULIUS EDUARD (1780–1849), German author, publisher, and criminologist; member of the prominent Itzig family of Berlin and Potsdam, grandson of Daniel itzig (1723–1799). His original name was Isaac Elias Itzig, but in 1799 he converted and changed his name to Hitzig – which prompted Heine to satirize him as "H. Itzig." Hitzig studied law, and between 1799 and 1807 served as a Prussian official in Warsaw and Berlin. During his Berlin period, he was a member of the romantic group known as the Nordsternbund, and published poems in the group's Musenalmanach of 1804. In 1808 he founded a publishing house which, among others, published Heinrich von Kleist's Berliner Abendblaetter. In 1814, after the defeat of Napoleon, he resumed his law career in the service of the Prussian government. In 1824 he founded the Literarische Mittwochsgesellschaft, which became a center for the later Romantics and for aspiring young writers. Hitzig wrote biographies of two romantic writers he had come to know in Warsaw, Zacharias Werner (1823) and E.T.A. Hoffmann (1823), and the definitive biography of his lifelong friend, Adalbert von Chamisso (1839), the creator of Peter Schlemihl. He himself was best remembered after his death for Der neue Pitaval (1842–47, and frequently reprinted), a collection in many volumes of crime and detective stories of all lands and ages, in which he collaborated with W. Haering. His son was the German architect Friedrich hitzig (1811–1881). -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: N. Dorsch, Julius Eduard Hitzig. Literarisches Patriarchat und buergerliche Karriere. Eine dokumentarische Biographie zwischen Literatur, Buchhandel und Gericht der Jahre 17801815 (1994). (Sol Liptzin)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Hitzig, Julius Eduard —    (1838–1907)    The codiscoverer, along with Gustav Theodor Fritsch (1838–1927), of the principle of the electrical excitability of the brain, Hitzig was born in Berlin, into the family of a well known architect. After gaining his M.D. from… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • Julius Eduard Hitzig — Julius Eduard Hitzig, ursprünglich Isaac Elias Itzig, (* 26. März 1780 in Berlin; † 26. November 1849 ebenda) war ein Jurist, Verleger und Schriftsteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Julius Eduard Hitzig — Julius Eduard Hitzig, né Isaac Elias Itzig le 26 mars 1780 à Berlin, mort le 26 novembre 1849 dans la même ville, est un juriste, écrivain et éditeur juif de Prusse, converti au protestantisme. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Œuvres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Julius Eduard Hitzig — (Berlin, 26 March 1780 Berlin, 26 November 1849) (born Isaac Elias Itzig ) was a German author and civil servant. Born into the wealthy and influential Jewish Itzig family, he was between 1799 and 1806 a Prussian civil servant, became Criminal… …   Wikipedia

  • Eduard Hitzig — Julius Eduard Hitzig (* 6. Februar 1838 in Berlin; † 20. August 1907 in Luisenheim zu St. Blasien) war ein deutscher Hirnforscher. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hitzig — ist der Name von Eduard Hitzig (1838–1907), deutscher Hirnforscher Ferdinand Hitzig (1807–1875), deutscher protestantischer Theologe Friedrich Hitzig (1811–1881), deutscher Architekt Hermann Hitzig (1843–1918), deutscher klassischer Philologe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hitzig — is the last name of:* Eduard Hitzig (1838–1907), German brain scientist * Ferdinand Hitzig (1807–1875), German Protestant theologian * Friedrich Hitzig (1811–1881), German Jewish architect * Julius Eduard Hitzig (1780 1849), German jurist and… …   Wikipedia

  • Hitzig — Hitzig, 1) Julius Eduard, kriminalistischer Schriftsteller, geb. 26. März 1780 in Berlin, gest. 26. Nov. 1849, wurde bei der Regierung in Warschau 1799 als Auskultator, 1804 als Assessor angestellt. Nach dem Ende der preußischen Herrschaft in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hitzig [2] — Hitzig, Jul. Eduard, Kriminalist und Schriftsteller, geb. 26. März 1780 in Berlin, 1827 35 Direktor des Kammergerichtsinquisitoriats das., gest. 26. Nov. 1849, mit Häring Begründer des »Neuen Pitaval« (1842 fg.). – Sein Sohn Friedr. H., Architekt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Julius Leopold Pagel — (May 29, 1851, Pollnow mdash;January 30, 1912, Berlin) was a German physician and historian of medicine.Pagel was educated at the gymnasium at Stolp and at the University of Berlin (M.D. 1875). In 1876 he established himself as a physician in… …   Wikipedia

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